Firstly -- we are NOT the creators of this amazing concept. Search Engine Land created the SEO Periodic Table and the original source can be found here.
We are going to cover the different elements of the SEO periodic table illustrated below over the next week. This table provides a great understand of the SEO elements both on-page and off-page that affect your rankings in the search engines.
This table identifies and gives a very brief explanation of what each factor is and how it affects your ranking. This table is also available in a PDF form found here.